Research on field optimization model of heliostat based on ray tracing


  • Jingfeng Guo
  • Chenyang Li
  • Hongyi Lu



Optical Efficiency, Coordinate Conversion, Ray Tracing, Monte Carlo Simulation.


In this paper, the average optical efficiency and output power of the tower solar thermal power station are studied. The ray tracing method is used especially to the calculation process and details of the shadow blocking efficiency and collector truncation efficiency are carefully derived. Combined with intelligent optimization algorithm, the key parameters [1][2] of the mirror field layout are optimized. Then, the main method used in this paper is ray tracing. For the calculation of cosine efficiency and shadow blocking efficiency, the coordinate transformation matrix is established in this paper, which simplifies the coordinate calculation. For the calculation of collector truncation efficiency, based on Monte Carlo simulation, and an accurate collector truncation efficiency model is established by random sampling of large samples. Finally, MATLAB software is used to calculate the efficiency of the heliostat in different coordinate positions. The average optical efficiency (62.71%), cosine efficiency (75.65%), shadow blocking efficiency (94.54%), collector truncation efficiency (98.85%), thermal output power (34.77MW), and average annual thermal output power per unit area mirror (0.5535kW/m2) are obtained. This model not only helps to understand the propagation mode of light in the heliostat field, but also can quantitatively evaluate the loss of light.


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How to Cite

Guo, J., Li, C., & Lu, H. (2024). Research on field optimization model of heliostat based on ray tracing. Highlights in Science, Engineering and Technology, 82, 390-399.