Simulation Analysis of Factors Affecting the Quantum Tunneling Effect in 1D Double Potential Barriers Structures


  • Chenyang Liu



Quantum tunneling, resonant tunneling, double potential barriers.


The working principle of a large number of modern scientific equipment has been applied to the quantum tunneling effect. Although the explanations for the relevant principles of this effect are clarified, the calculation process is very complex and difficult to understand. Previous studies combine specific applications without theoretical model references. This study adopts the method of using the time-independent Schrodinger equation to solve the wave function, which is more convenient to obtain the expression of transmission probability. Then, one discusses the relationship between transmission probability and potential barrier width, potential barrier spacing, and incident particle energy. The experimental results show that the transmission probability decreases exponentially from 1 to 0 as the potential barrier width gradually increases. As the potential barrier width increases, the transmission probability exhibits a clear periodic oscillation relationship, the oscillation period remains unchanged, and this paper derives the relationship between the oscillation period and the potential barrier width. As the incident energy of particles gradually increases, the transmission probability exhibits periodic changes, and the minimum value of transmission probability increases with the periodic changes. Based on the analysis, the smaller the potential barrier width, the greater the incident energy, and the more likely quantum tunneling occurs.


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How to Cite

Liu, C. (2024). Simulation Analysis of Factors Affecting the Quantum Tunneling Effect in 1D Double Potential Barriers Structures. Highlights in Science, Engineering and Technology, 104, 1-7.