The Application of New Energy Materials in New-energy Vehicle
Keywords:New energy material, New-energy vehicle, Climate change, High-strength low-alloy steel (HSLA), Carbon fiber composite material, Modified plastic, Greenhouse gases.
Climate change is becoming one of the biggest environmental challenges in the 21st century. New-energy vehicle produce less greenhouse gases as compared to the traditional vehicles with internal combustion engines. New energy vehicles have great potential to successfully address the issue of climate change. Additionally, new energy materials can also be used in automotive lightweight technology. This paper discussed the currently lightweight materials including high-strength low-alloy steel (HSLA), carbon fiber composite material, and modified plastics. According to the discussion in this paper, high-strength low-alloy steel can be used in automotive safety parts, chassis, and body. Carbon fiber composite materials can be used in car bodies, chassis, roofs, doors, head covers, hoods, rear wings, center consoles, trim strips, drive shafts, leaf springs, frames, brake pads, interior and exterior accessories. Modified plastics can be mainly used in exterior decorative parts, interior decorative parts, functional parts, and structural parts. However, three are still many drawbacks of application of new energy materials in new-energy vehicle. The current new energy materials used in automotive lightweight technology are usually costly and time-consuming. Moreover, the characteristics of the new energy materials are still not clear. It could have a negative impact on the environment. Before this technology can be widely used in new-energy vehicles, more research is needed regarding the new energy materials.
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