Research Status and Development Trend of 3D Printing Recycled Concrete


  • Wei Xu



3D printed concrete; Recycled powder; Mechanical properties.


As a new construction technology, 3D printing concrete has the advantages of mechanization and model-free. Waste brick is an important part of construction waste. Its disposal not only consumes land but also pollutes the environment. At the same time, cement is the main raw material in concrete materials. Cement production consumes resources, produces greenhouse gases and is not environmentally friendly. Therefore, grinding brick waste into recycled brick powder and replacing cement to produce 3D-printed concrete is considered a feasible method. This paper reviews the effects of recycled brick powder on hydration, workability, mechanical properties and durability of 3D-printed concrete, analyzes its mechanism, and points out some problems to be further studied at present.


Download data is not yet available.


Saif Saad Mansoor, Sheelan Mahmoud Hama, Dhifaf Natiq Hamdullah,Effectiveness of replacing cement partially with waste brick powder in mortar,Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences,2022,ISSN 1018-3639,

Zhi Ge, Yuanyuan Wang, Renjuan Sun, Xinsheng Wu, Yanhua Guan,Influence of ground waste clay brick on properties of fresh and hardened concrete,Construction and Building Materials,Volume 98,2015,Pages 128-136,ISSN 0950-0618,

Qiang Chi, GAO Yueqing, Liang Chaofeng, Lu Na, Chen Shangquan. Progress in the application of recycled brick powder to cement-based materials [J]. Concrete and Cement Products,2020(07):92-95. (in Chinese) DOI:10.19761/ J.1000-4637.2020.07.092.04.

My Ngoc-Tra Lam, Duc-Trong Nguyen, Duy-Liem Nguyen,Potential use of clay brick waste powder and ceramic waste aggregate in mortar,Construction and Building Materials,Volume 313,2021,125516,ISSN 0950-0618,

ASTM C618, Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined naturalpozzolan for use in concrete, the United States, 2019.

Eloy Asensio, César Medina, Moisés Frías, María Isabel Sánchez de Rojas,Fired clay-based construction and demolition waste as pozzolanic addition in cements. Design of new eco-efficient cements,Journal of Cleaner Production,Volume 265,2020,121610,ISSN 0959-6526,

Qiong Liu, Teng Tong, Shuhua Liu, Dezhi Yang, Qiang Yu,Investigation of using hybrid recycled powder from demolished concrete solids and clay bricks as a pozzolanic supplement for cement,Construction and Building Materials,Volume 73,2014,Pages 754-763,ISSN 0950-0618,

Jiahu Shao, Jianming Gao, Yasong Zhao, Xuemei Chen,Study on the pozzolanic reaction of clay brick powder in blended cement pastes,Construction and Building Materials,Volume 213,2019,Pages 209-215,ISSN 0950-0618,

Yu Lili, Xiao Zhengmao, Zhu Wen. Research progress and development trend of concrete 3D printing technology [J]. Guangzhou Architecture,2021,49(04):47-51. (in Chinese)

Paul S C, Tay Y W D, Panda B, et al. Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 2018, 18(1), 311.

Shaodan H, Zhenhua D, Jianzhuang X. Construction and Building Materials, 2021, 273, 121745.

Mechtcherine V, Grafe J, Nerella V N, et al. Construction and Building Materials, 2018, 179, 125.

Yilong Han, Zhihan Yang, Tao Ding, Jianzhuang Xiao,Environmental and economic assessment on 3D printed buildings with recycled concrete,Journal of Cleaner Production,Volume 278,2021,123884,ISSN 0959-6526,

Manu K. M, A.V. R, Geert D S, et al. Cement and Concrete Composites, 2021, 115, 103855.

Recycling of aggregate micro fines as a partial replacement for fly ash in 3Dprinting cementitious materials

K. Komnitsas, D. Zaharaki, A. Vlachou, G. Bartzas, M. Galetakis, Effect ofsynthesis parameters on the quality of construction and demolition wastes(CDW) geopolymers, Adv. Powder Technol. 26 (2) (2015) 368–376,

C.L. Wong, K.H. Mo, S.P. Yap, U.J. Alengaram, T.-C. Ling, Potential use of brickwaste as alternate concrete-making materials: A review, J. Cleaner Prod. 195(2018) 226–239,

Li Wei. Research on utilization of waste brick slag in Construction waste [D]. Guangdong University of Technology,2014.

Y.S. Zhao, J.M. Gao, C.B. Liu, X.M. Chen, Z.H Xu. The particle-size effect ofwaste clay brick powder on its pozzolanic activity and properties of blendedcement, J. Clean. Prod. 242 (2020) 118521.

Hu Fei, Chen Ling. Study on the apparent Morphology and molecular chain changes of refined Potato Starch particles [J]. Chinese Chemical Bulletin, 2003, 000(001):1-5.

Wu Yan, Li Zhen, et al. Study on ultrafine grinding of Ultra-low ash Taixi anthracite in Planetary ball mill [C]// Chinese Academy of Engineering. Chinese Academy of Engineering, 2012.

Yao Yuxin, Song Shouzhi. Fractal dimension of pulverization energy consumption with particle size distribution index lower than 0.89 [J]. Mining and Metallurgy, 2005, 14(2):33-37. (in Chinese)

J. Forˇt, E. Vejmelková, D. Konˇáková, N. Alblová, M. Cˇáchová, M. Keppert, P.Rovnaníková, R. Cˇerny´ , Application of waste brick powder in alkali activatedaluminosilicates: Functional and environmental aspects, J. Cleaner Prod. 194(2018) 714–725,

C.-L. Hwang, M. Damtie Yehualaw, D.-H. Vo, T.-P. Huynh, Development ofhigh-strength alkali-activated pastes containing high volumes of waste brickand ceramic powders, Constr. Build. Mater. 218 (2019) 519–529,

M. Tuyan, Ö. Andiç-Çakir, K. Ramyar, Effect of alkali activator concentrationand curing condition on strength and microstructure of waste clay brickpowder-based geopolymer, Compos. Part B-Eng. 135 (2018) 242–252.

A. Schackow, D. Stringari, L. Senff, S.L. Correia, A.M. Segadães, Influence offired clay brick waste additions on the durability of mortars, Cem. Concr.Compos. 62 (2015) 82–89,

Khan M. N. A., Liaqat N., Ahmed I., Basit A., Umar M. and Khan M. A. (2018).Effect ofBrick Dust on Strength and Workability of Concrete. IOP Conf. Series: MaterialsScience and Engineering 414 (2018) 012005 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/414/1/012005

Kartini, K., Rohaidah, M.N., Zuraini, Z.A., 2012. Performance of ground clay bricks aspartial cement replacement in grade 30 concrete. Internat. J. Civil Environ. Eng.6, 569–572.

Xue Cuizhen, Shen Aiqin, Liu Bo, et al. Effects of construction waste composite powder materials on strength and impermeability of concrete [J]. Journal of Hefei University of Technology,2017,40(1):71-76.

KINUTHIA J M,NIDZAM R M.Towards zero industrialwaste: Utilisation of brick dust waste in sustainable construction[J].Waste Management,2011,31(8):1867-1878.

Z.M. Ma, Q. Tang, H.X. Wu, J.G. Xu, C.F. Liang, Mechanical properties andwater absorption of cement composites with various fineness and contents ofwaste brick powder from C&D waste, Cem. Concr. Compos. 114 (2020)103758.

Mechanical properties and water absorption of cement composites with various fineness and contents of waste brick powder from C&D waste

Ma X,Wang Z. Effect of ground waste concrete powder on cement properties[J]. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering,2013: 1-5.

O.M. Olofinnade, A.N. Ede, J.M. Ndambuki, G.O. Bamigboye. Structuralproperties of concrete containing ground waste clay brick powder as partialsubstitute for cement, Mater. Sci. Forum. 866 (2016) 63-67.

R. Sun, D. Huang, Z. Ge, Y. Hu, Y. Guan, Properties of self-consolidatingconcrete with recycled clay-brick-powder replacing cementitious material, J.Sustain. Cem.-Based Mater. 3 (3-4) (2014) 211–219,

M. Zeghad, J. Mitterpach, B. Safi, B. Amrane, M. Saidi, Reuse of refractory brickwastes (RBW) as a supplementary cementitious material in a concrete, Period. Polytech. Civ. 61 (2017) 75–80.

L. Zheng. Properties of Concrete with Recycled Clay-Brick-Powder, MasterThesis, Shandong University, China, 2012 (in Chinese).

Xue Cuizhen, SHEN Aiqin, Guo Yin-chuan, et al. Effect of construction waste composite powder on frost resistance of concrete [J]. Materials Review, 2016,30(4):121-125. (in Chinese)

R.T. Liu, Experimental study on the construction waste clay brick powder asactive admixture, Master Thesis, Xi’an University of Architecture andTechnology, China, 2017 (in Chinese).

C.Z. Xue, A.Q. Shen, Y.T. Chang, D. Liang, The study of the construction wastebrick powder’s activity, Adv. Mater. Res. 1079–1080 (2015) 309–311.

A. Schackow, D. Stringari, L. Senff, S.L. Correia, A.M. Segadães, Influence offired clay brick waste additions on the durability of mortars, Cem. Concr.Compos. 62 (2015) 82–89,







How to Cite

Research Status and Development Trend of 3D Printing Recycled Concrete. (2024). Academic Journal of Science and Technology, 9(1), 250-253.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 188

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.