Does Artificial Intelligence Also Bare Its Heart: Self-disclosure of Artificial Intelligence in Human-Computer Interaction


  • Rui Wu



Artificial intelligence; Human-computer interaction; Self-disclosure; Media equivalence theory; Dramaturgical theory.


 In the era of intelligent media, artificial intelligence as a new social object, its interactive characteristics are worthy of in-depth study. In this paper, based on the theory of media equivalence and dramaturgical theory, the current research focus on human self-disclosure will be changed to explore whether there is self-disclosure and its characteristics in human-computer interaction of artificial intelligence represented by chatbots. It is found that although AI lacks emotional and consciousness-based self-disclosure, they exhibit behaviors that can be regarded as self-disclosure in the sense of performance (user perception level). At the same time, at the technical level, algorithmic disclosure and transparency can be considered self-disclosure in the true sense.


Download data is not yet available.


Thorp, H. H. (2023). ChatGPT is fun, but not an author. Science, 379(6630), 313.

Chowdhary, K. R. (2020). Natural language processing. In Chowdhary, K. R. (Ed.), Fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence(pp.603-649). New Delhi: Springer.

Tan, Y. (2023). Research on the Establishment of Human-computer Interaction Intimate Relationship from the perspective of Social Penetration Theory (Master's Thesis, Shanghai International Studies University).

Shao, Y. M. (2023). Will you fall in love with "He/She" : A study on the intimate relationship of Young People using Chatbots (Master's Thesis, East China Normal University).

Cao, B. L. & Huang, S. Y. (2023). Dynamic Relationship between self-disclosure and privacy computing in human-computer interaction. Journal of Global Media (03),22-46.

Wang, Y. X., Zhu, M. X. & Chen, S. L. (2023). Understanding Human-computer Dialogue: An analysis of the impact on role positioning, trust relationship and interpersonal communication. Journal of Global Media (05),106-126.

Zhang, R.J. & Han, L. X. (2022). My AI Lover: A study on Emotional Interaction in human-computer intimate Relationship from the perspective of Media Equivalence Theory. Journalism Probe (12),4-8.

Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. Anchor.

Dong, C. Y., & Ding, Y. R. (2018). When Goffman meets the Internet: Self-presentation and performance in social media. Journalism and Writing, (01), 56-62.

Sun W. (2023). Interaction and symbiosis of "heterogeneous" : Artificial Intelligence from a media perspective. Academic Research (10),58-62+177.

Jin Y. L. (2022). Extraterritorial experience and implications of algorithmic disclosure. Journal of Information (07),91-99.

Liu, Y. (2023, December 11). Outside observation | EU the main content of the artificial intelligence act and revelation. Retrieved from

Hu, Y. (2023). Beyond ChatGPT: The power of large language models and the dilemma of human communication. Journalist, (08), 13-29.

Chen, C. F., & Zhang, M. (2023). Decided by data? Values and ethical issues of AIGC. Journalism and Writing, (04), 15-23.







How to Cite

Does Artificial Intelligence Also Bare Its Heart: Self-disclosure of Artificial Intelligence in Human-Computer Interaction. (2024). Academic Journal of Science and Technology, 10(3), 172-177.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 328

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.