Equalized Utilization Model of Regional Shared Parking Space
Keywords:Traffic planning, Shared parking, Genetic algorithm, Balanced utilization of berths.
In view of the contradiction between dense parking demand and limited parking resources, according to the time-varying characteristics of parking demand of different building types in the city, a dual objective parking allocation model with the highest equilibrium degree of shared parking utilization and the minimum walking distance was established. The model defines the boundary constraints of the walking distance and the equilibrium utilization, weights the multi-objective function, and then uses the genetic algorithm tool to solve it. Taking Tangshan Second Hospital and its surrounding areas as an example, the basic data such as the total number of parking Spaces, parking demand and walking distance after parking in each parking lot were obtained. The simulation output of parking space utilization and parking allocation in the area was carried out by the simulation algorithm, and the feasibility of the model was verified. The results show that the model can be used to allocate shared parking Spaces in urban areas, which can effectively balance the utilization rate of parking lots in the region and alleviate the problem of uneven and inadequate parking resources utilization in the region.
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