Development and Protection of Instrumental Folk Music in the Ningxia Reach of the Yellow River Basin


  • Yijie Kang



Instrumental Music, Musical Culture, Ningxia, Yellow River


The Ningxia region, located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River basin, boasts a profound tradition of Yellow River culture. This cultural heritage encompasses folk songs, instrumental music, dance, and opera. This study discusses the works and performances of folk instruments in Ningxia, such as the suona, kouxian, and niwuwa (a musical instrument made of clay similar to ocarina). This study contributes to not only the academic field but also the inheritance of excellent traditional Chinese culture as well as the prosperity of social culture. Studies on the Yellow River culture can enhance the international community’s understanding and respect for China, promoting cultural exchanges and mutual learning.


Download data is not yet available.


X. Li, J.-J. Chen, and H.-Z. Zhao, “Combined study on high-quality economic development and ecological protection in the Yellow River basin,” Agricultural Science and Engineering in China, 2024, 36(03), pp. 9–13.

Y. Liu, “Characteristics of ecosystem services and their trade-offs and synergies in the Yellow River basin,” Ph.D. dissertation, Northwest A&F University, Shaanxi, China, 2023.

Y.-B. Sun, “A brief discussion on Hui folk instrumental music and its inheritance,” Home Darma, 2012(11), pp. 43.

M. Liu, J.-R. Wang, and X. Han, “Research on the protection and inheritance of ningxia ethnic folk music,” Art Education, no. 5, 2014, pp. 61.

X.-H. Ma, “Inheritance and reflection on the mouth harp of the Hui people in Ningxia,” Popular Literature and Art, no. 18, 2010, pp. 150–151.

Z.-L. Zhang, “Music in national intangible cultural heritage: Hui instrumental folk music,” Young Musicians, no. 11, 2022, pp. 43–46.

X.-L. Ma, “The status and strategies of Ningxia's ethnic instrumental music in the second classroom of Xixia District, Yinchuan City,” M.F.A. thesis, Shanghai Conservatory of Music, Shanghai, China, 2020.

Y. Zhi, “Research and reflection on niwawu, a folk instrument from Ningxia,” Northern Music, 2018, 38(03), pp. 47.

L.-L. Liang, “From instrumental folk music to cultural heritage: Inheritance and protection of Hui kouxian in C Village, Ningxia,” Journal of Ethnic Art, 2013(01), pp. 41–51.

L. Chang, “Research on niwawu in Ningxia,” M.F.A. thesis, Northwest Minzu University, Lanzhou, Gansu, 2021.







How to Cite

Kang, Y. (2024). Development and Protection of Instrumental Folk Music in the Ningxia Reach of the Yellow River Basin. Highlights in Art and Design, 6(2), 5-8.