Are Too Many Women Crowding out Men in the Job Market?

-- A Mlogit Empirical Test of Occupational Gender Segregation in China

Authors

  • Yaning Zhang
  • Youqun Wu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54097/97fq8c89

Keywords:

Gender Discrimination in the Labor Market, Gender Occupational Segregation, Multinomial Logit Regression

Abstract

Occupational gender segregation refers to the imbalance of occupational distribution and the large gap in occupational development between women and men due to gender characteristics, which is an important manifestation of gender discrimination in the labor market. Based on the data of China General Social Survey, the Duncan Index and Carmel-MacLachlan index, two indices measuring gender occupational segregation, were used to perform multiple logit regression for the explained variables with multiple values. Gender occupational segregation was found. Finally, based on the existing research, the regression analysis of the influence of traditional gender concepts and education level shows that the improvement of traditional gender concepts and education level is helpful to weaken gender occupational segregation.

References

Selected Works of Marx and Engels [M]. Central Compilation and Translation Bureau. People's Publishing House.2012.

Patriarchy and Capitalism [M]. (Japan) Chizuko Ueno. Zhejiang University Press.2020.

Gu Yue. Career Women in Ming and Qing Society: Centered on the shunting of the status of a stable woman [J]. Journal of Women's Studies,2021(04):113-122.

Xu Renlei. Analysis of Gender discrimination in Employment -- Based on Human capital Theory [J]. Modern Commerce Industry,2016,37(09):78-80.

Zhao Y Y. Trend analysis of occupational gender segregation in urban areas of China [J]. Population Journal,2017,39(05):56-66.

Qing Shisong, Zheng Jiamei. Job gender segregation and income stratification [J]. Population of Southern China, 2013, 28 (06):62-68.

Ebenstein A. Patrilocality and Missing Women[R]. SSRN, Working Paper, 2014.

Blau F D,Kahn L M The gender wage gap:Extent,trends,and explanations [R]. National Bureau of Economic Research 2016.

Yuan Xuhong, Zhang Huaizhi, Pan Yijin et al. Is gender inequality constraining women's employment? Evidence from China General Social Survey (CGSS2017) [J]. China Human Resources Development,202,39(12):112-130.

Xu Yan-hui, Xie Meng-fan. Gender perception and female occupational status promotion: An analysis based on CFPS Family Tracking Survey in China [J]. Journal of Shandong Women's University,2023(04):56-66.

Chen Jie, Liu Yafei. The effect of marital status on female labor participation: A study on the endogeneity of participation [J]. Population Journal,2019,41(04):28-40.

Zhang Xia. Rethinking the dilemma of Chinese women's employment and childbearing -- from the perspective of women's dominant position [J]. Reform and Strategy, 2017, 33 (10):48-52.

Li Xiangrong. The characteristics and heterogeneity of gender discrimination in starting salary of college graduates [J]. China Youth Research,2017(08):78-84. (in Chinese)

Li Jianqi. Digital transformation, unconventional skills premium and female employment [J]. Journal of Finance and Economics, 202,48(07):48-62. (in Chinese)

Downloads

Published

31-01-2024

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Zhang, Y., & Wu, Y. (2024). Are Too Many Women Crowding out Men in the Job Market? -- A Mlogit Empirical Test of Occupational Gender Segregation in China. Journal of Innovation and Development, 6(1), 44-49. https://doi.org/10.54097/97fq8c89