A Comparative Analysis of Spillover Effects on Surrounding Cities of Beijing And Shanghai

Based on Inter-regional Input-output Tables


  • Cheng He




Central city, Industrial linkage, Spillover effect, Multi region input-output model.


Industrial linkage is the key channel for spillover effect, and improving the spillover effect of central cities is an important task to realize the coordinated development of regional economy. From the perspective of industrial linkages, this paper uses the 2017 China's Inter-city input-output table to build a three regional input-output model to compared with the two-way overflow between Beijing and surrounding cities and the two-way overflow between Shanghai and its surrounding cities. The research findings are as follows: 1. Central cities and cities with higher economic development level have higher two-way spillovers, and the two-way spillover effect between Beijing and surrounding cities is smaller than that between Shanghai and surrounding cities; 2. There is an imbalance between central cities and surrounding cities in value-added gains. Beijing Tianjin Hebei and Yangtze River Delta present different situations. The share of spillover effects in GDP of surrounding cities to Beijing is generally small, and Beijing's value-added spillover to surrounding cities is greater than that of surrounding cities to Beijing. The share of spillover effects in GDP of surrounding cities to Shanghahi is generally high, and most of the surrounding cities' value-added spillovers to Shanghai are greater than Shanghai's value-added spillovers to the surrounding cities. 3. In terms of industry, Beijing and Shanghai have the largest added value spillover in the tertiary sector, followed by the secondary industry, and the value-added spillover of the primary industry is the smallest; From the perspective of 42 industry sectors, Beijing and Shanghai are relatively consistent in industries with large spillover effects on surrounding cities, which are the dominant industries of Beijing and Shanghai, and are concentrated in the secondary and tertiary industries. 4. Compare the value-added spillover effect of Shanghai and Beijing on urban agglomeration as a whole. The per capita spillover effect of Beijing on Beijing Tianjin Hebei is smaller than that of Shanghai on the Yangtze River Delta. Finally, according to the research conclusions, starting from the regional industrial advantages, it provides relevant policy recommendations for regional development and promoting the high-quality development of regional integration.


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How to Cite

He, C. (2023). A Comparative Analysis of Spillover Effects on Surrounding Cities of Beijing And Shanghai: Based on Inter-regional Input-output Tables. Frontiers in Business, Economics and Management, 9(1), 209–221. https://doi.org/10.54097/fbem.v9i1.8625