Expression Patterns of Immune Checkpoints in Breast Cancer Patients


  • Ruirui Ma
  • Xinyi Ma
  • Xianxin Yan
  • Min Ma



PD-L1, PD-1, STAT1, Immune checkpoint, Breast cancer.


Background: immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) for solid tumors had significantly improved overall survival (OS). Positive response to PD-1/PD-L1 blockades was observed in the treatment of solid tumors. Breast cancer (BC) patients are no exception. However, the efficacy of immunocheckpoint therapy in BC patients remains poor. A particularly important factor is the lack of studies on the expression patterns of immune checkpoints in BC patients. Methods:This article summarizes the expression of immune checkpoints such as PD-1, PD-L1, STAT1, CTLA-4 in BC, and analyzes the relationship between the expression of these immune checkpoints and OS.Results: It was found that increased expression of PD-1, PD-L1, STAT1, CTLA-4 was associated with poor OS in BC patients. In addition, co-expression of PD-L1 with PD-1, STAT1or CTLA-4 and co-expression of PD-1 with CTLA-4was related to poor OS. We analyzed associations between the proportionate expression of PD-L1 and PD-1, PD-L1 and STAT1, PD-1 and CTLA-4, PD-1 and LAG3, PD-L1 and CTLA-4 in BC patients, there was significance in correlation in both of the BC patients. Conclusions: our results suggest that transcriptome-based co-expression of STAT1 and PD-L1 is a predictor for poor OS in BC patients, which might provide novel insight into designing combinational targeted therapy for BC.


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How to Cite

Ma, R., Ma, X., Yan, X., & Ma, M. (2023). Expression Patterns of Immune Checkpoints in Breast Cancer Patients. Academic Journal of Science and Technology, 7(1), 5–8.