Research on the Horizontal Transfer Payment System of Ecological Compensation in the Sanjiangyuan Watershed
Keywords:Sanjiangyuan, Ecological compensation, Horizontal transfer payment.
As the birthplace of "two rivers and one river" and an important water supply and conservation area in my country, the Three Rivers Source Region has experienced ecological problems such as grassland degradation, land desertification, and soil erosion in recent years. my country's current financial policies such as transfer payments for national key ecological function areas, returning farmland to forests and grasslands, and protecting public welfare forests have disadvantages such as single compensation subject, small compensation funds, and incomplete assessment, incentive and performance evaluation systems. It is suggested to explore the establishment of the horizontal transfer payment for ecological compensation in the Three River Source Basin from the aspects of clarifying the subject and object of the horizontal transfer payment, defining the scope and standard of the transfer payment, broadening the path and method of the transfer payment, and improving the assessment and incentive mechanism and performance evaluation system of the transfer payment. system to serve as a useful supplement to the vertical transfer payments of the central government.
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